Norman Murray Bell and the Quest for Peace
Norman Murray Bell (1887-1962) may be regarded as a prophet: a person who speaks in a visionary way about a cause. His cause was peace.
His life provides a window into the peace movement in New Zealand, particularly during the period between the two world wars.
After graduating from the University of New Zealand with a BA and MA in classics and chemistry in 1909, Bell won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge University.
There he completed his BA with first-class honours and won the College Classics prize.
Following this he was a visiting researcher in the Chemistry Department at the University of Liverpool, a research student in Education at St Andrews University,
and spent a year studying Philosophy of Science at Bern University in Switzerland.
During this time, Bell was also studying theology at London University.
It is most likely at this time that he developed his ideas about pacifism, which he saw as intricately linked to his Christian belief.
Upon his return to New Zealand in 1917, Bell, now twenty-nine years old, obtained a teaching position at Christchurch Boys High School.
His tenure as a teacher would be short-lived, however.
Publicly known to be a religious objector, Bell was arrested for breach of the Military Service Act 1916.
Eventually he was convicted of disobeying lawful commands given by a superior officer and sentenced to two years' imprisonment with hard labour.
Following his release from prison, his political ambitions were thwarted by legal restrictions which deprived conscientious objectors of their civil rights.
Prohibited from any government-related work, such as a university college teacher, he supported himself as a private instructor for secondary students
and a part-time Tutor in sociology for the Workers' Educational Association.
Throughout the 1920s and 30s Bell campaigned on the political front: by 1934 he was national president of the No More War campaign,
which functioned in tandem with the Free Religious Movement.
In 1930 he experienced a unique psychological event which transformed his life.
In a period of altered consciousness, he saw the web of life that connected all living things.
After this revelation, while continuing his work with the National Peace Council, No More War Movement and the Movement Against War and Fascism,
he embraced the creed of vegetarianism and expounded it with unsurpassed zeal.
During World War II Bell struggled to publish his pacifist journal Cosmos, printing it by hand and delivering copies on foot.
After the war he could be found with a chair and small table sitting in Cathedral Square,
the heart of Christchurch, with his petition calling for people to sign up opposing all war,
especially nuclear war, and seeking support for animal welfare. But his journey did not quite end with his death in 1962.
Having provided in his will that his estate be spent on 30 years of newspaper advertisements calling for peace between humans and domesticated animals,
he ensured that he would speak beyond his age and time.
This edition also includes a sketch of the career of Larry Ross (1927-2012), the creative spirit behind the Nuclear Free New Zealand movement.
Pages: xxi + 203